离线下载
PDF版 ePub版

Mr小驴哥 · 更新于 2018-11-16 03:00:33

在Docker中运行PostgreSQL

注意:——如果你不喜欢sudo,可以查看非root用户使用

在Docker中安装PostgreSQL

如果Docker Hub中没有你需要的Docker镜像,你可以创建自己的镜像,开始先创建一个Dockerfile:

注意:这个PostgreSQL仅设置用途。请参阅PostgreSQL文档来调整这些设置,以便它是安全的。

    #
    # example Dockerfile for http://docs.docker.com/examples/postgresql_service/
    #

    FROM ubuntu
    MAINTAINER SvenDowideit@docker.com

    # Add the PostgreSQL PGP key to verify their Debian packages.
    # It should be the same key as https://www.postgresql.org/media/keys/ACCC4CF8.asc
    RUN apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys B97B0AFCAA1A47F044F244A07FCC7D46ACCC4CF8

    # Add PostgreSQL's repository. It contains the most recent stable release
    #     of PostgreSQL, ``9.3``.
    RUN echo "deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ precise-pgdg main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list

    # Update the Ubuntu and PostgreSQL repository indexes
    RUN apt-get update

    # Install ``python-software-properties``, ``software-properties-common`` and PostgreSQL 9.3
    #  There are some warnings (in red) that show up during the build. You can hide
    #  them by prefixing each apt-get statement with DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive
    RUN apt-get -y -q install python-software-properties software-properties-common
    RUN apt-get -y -q install postgresql-9.3 postgresql-client-9.3 postgresql-contrib-9.3

    # Note: The official Debian and Ubuntu images automatically ``apt-get clean``
    # after each ``apt-get``

    # Run the rest of the commands as the ``postgres`` user created by the ``postgres-9.3`` package when it was ``apt-get installed``
    USER postgres

    # Create a PostgreSQL role named ``docker`` with ``docker`` as the password and
    # then create a database `docker` owned by the ``docker`` role.
    # Note: here we use ``&&\`` to run commands one after the other - the ``\``
    #       allows the RUN command to span multiple lines.
    RUN    /etc/init.d/postgresql start &&\
        psql --command "CREATE USER docker WITH SUPERUSER PASSWORD 'docker';" &&\
        createdb -O docker docker

    # Adjust PostgreSQL configuration so that remote connections to the
    # database are possible. 
    RUN echo "host all  all    0.0.0.0/0  md5" >> /etc/postgresql/9.3/main/pg_hba.conf

    # And add ``listen_addresses`` to ``/etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf``
    RUN echo "listen_addresses='*'" >> /etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf

    # Expose the PostgreSQL port
    EXPOSE 5432

    # Add VOLUMEs to allow backup of config, logs and databases
    VOLUME  ["/etc/postgresql", "/var/log/postgresql", "/var/lib/postgresql"]

    # Set the default command to run when starting the container
    CMD ["/usr/lib/postgresql/9.3/bin/postgres", "-D", "/var/lib/postgresql/9.3/main", "-c", "config_file=/etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf"]

使用Dockerfile构建镜像并且指定名称

    $ sudo docker build -t eg_postgresql .

并且运行PostgreSQL服务容器

    $ sudo docker run --rm -P --name pg_test eg_postgresql

有2种方法可以连接到PostgreSQL服务器。我们可以使用链接容器,或者我们可以从我们的主机(或网络)访问它。

注:--rm删除容器,当容器存在时成功。

使用容器连接

在客户端docker run中直接使用-link remote_name:local_alias使容器连接到另一个容器端口。

    $ sudo docker run --rm -t -i --link pg_test:pg eg_postgresql bash

    postgres@7ef98b1b7243:/$ psql -h $PG_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR -p $PG_PORT_5432_TCP_PORT -d docker -U docker --password

连接到你的主机系统

假设你有安装postgresql客户端,您可以使用主机端口映射测试。您需要使用docker ps找出映射到本地主机端口:

    $ docker ps
    CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                  COMMAND                CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                      NAMES
    5e24362f27f6        eg_postgresql:latest   /usr/lib/postgresql/   About an hour ago   Up About an hour    0.0.0.0:49153->5432/tcp                    pg_test
    $ psql -h localhost -p 49153 -d docker -U docker --password

测试数据

一旦你已经通过身份验证,并且有docker =#提示,您可以创建一个表并填充它。

    psql (9.3.1)
    Type "help" for help.

    $ docker=# CREATE TABLE cities (
    docker(#     name            varchar(80),
    docker(#     location        point
    docker(# );
    CREATE TABLE
    $ docker=# INSERT INTO cities VALUES ('San Francisco', '(-194.0, 53.0)');
    INSERT 0 1
    $ docker=# select * from cities;
         name      | location
    ---------------+-----------
     San Francisco | (-194,53)
    (1 row)

使用容器卷

您可以使用PostgreSQL卷检查定义日志文件、备份配置和数据:

    $ docker run --rm --volumes-from pg_test -t -i busybox sh

    / # ls
    bin      etc      lib      linuxrc  mnt      proc     run      sys      usr
    dev      home     lib64    media    opt      root     sbin     tmp      var
    / # ls /etc/postgresql/9.3/main/
    environment      pg_hba.conf      postgresql.conf
    pg_ctl.conf      pg_ident.conf    start.conf
    /tmp # ls /var/log
    ldconfig    postgresql