极客学院团队出品 · 更新于 2017-12-12 06:00:53

MySQL MIN 函数

MIN 函数用于寻找记录集中拥有最小值的记录。

为了理解 MIN 函数,还是以 employee_tbl 表为例,它的所有记录如下所示:

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
| id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
|    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
|    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

假设需要根据上表获取 daily_typing_pages 的最小值,只需使用如下命令即可:

mysql> SELECT MIN(daily_typing_pages)
    -> FROM employee_tbl;
+-------------------------+
| MIN(daily_typing_pages) |
+-------------------------+
|                     100 |
+-------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

也可以使用 GROUP BY 子句找到每一名字下的最小值记录。

mysql>SELECT id, name, MIN(daily_typing_pages)
    -> FROM employee_tbl GROUP BY name;
+------+------+-------------------------+
| id   | name | MIN(daily_typing_pages) |
+------+------+-------------------------+
|    3 | Jack |                     100 |
|    4 | Jill |                     220 |
|    1 | John |                     250 |
|    2 | Ram  |                     220 |
|    5 | Zara |                     300 |
+------+------+-------------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

还可以组合使用 MIN 与 MAX 函数找出最小值,如下所示:

mysql> SELECT MIN(daily_typing_pages) least, MAX(daily_typing_pages) max
    -> FROM employee_tbl;
+-------+------+
| least | max  |
+-------+------+
|   100 |  350 |
+-------+------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)
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