极客学院团队出品 · 更新于 2017-12-12 06:00:53

MySQL RAND 函数

RAND 函数用于产生从0到1之间的随机数。


mysql>  SELECT RAND( ), RAND( ), RAND( );
+------------------+-----------------+------------------+
| RAND( )          | RAND( )         | RAND( )          |
+------------------+-----------------+------------------+
| 0.45464584925645 | 0.1824410643265 | 0.54826780459682 |
+------------------+-----------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

如果为RAND()传入整形参数,则该值将成为随机数发生器的种子值。每次 》》》

mysql>  SELECT RAND(1), RAND( ), RAND( );
+------------------+------------------+------------------+
| RAND(1 )         | RAND( )          | RAND( )          |
+------------------+------------------+------------------+
| 0.18109050223705 | 0.75023211143001 | 0.20788908117254 |
+------------------+------------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

还可以使用 ORDER BY RAND() 来随机化一组行或值。比如对于下面这个 employee_tbl 表。

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
| id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
|    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
|    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

现在使用如下命令:

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl ORDER BY RAND();
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
| id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
|    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
|    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
|    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl ORDER BY RAND();
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
| id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
|    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
|    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
|    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)
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