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极客学院团队出品 · 更新于 2018-07-17 11:00:42

SQL CONCAT 函数

CONCAT 函数用于将两个字符串连接为一个字符串,试一下下面这个例子:

    SQL> SELECT CONCAT('FIRST ', 'SECOND');
    +----------------------------+
    | CONCAT('FIRST ', 'SECOND') |
    +----------------------------+
    | FIRST SECOND               |
    +----------------------------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)

要对 CONCAT 函数有更为深入的了解,请考虑 employee_tbl 表,表中记录如下所示:

    SQL> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
    +------+------+------------+--------------------+
    | id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
    +------+------+------------+--------------------+
    |    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
    |    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
    |    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
    |    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
    |    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
    |    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
    |    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
    +------+------+------------+--------------------+
    7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

现在,假设你想要将上表中所有的姓名(name)、id和工作日(work_date)连接在一起,那么可以通过如下的命令来达到目的:

    SQL> SELECT CONCAT(id, name, work_date)
        -> FROM employee_tbl;
    +-----------------------------+
    | CONCAT(id, name, work_date) |
    +-----------------------------+
    | 1John2007-01-24             |
    | 2Ram2007-05-27              |
    | 3Jack2007-05-06             |
    | 3Jack2007-04-06             |
    | 4Jill2007-04-06             |
    | 5Zara2007-06-06             |
    | 5Zara2007-02-06             |
    +-----------------------------+
    7 rows in set (0.00 sec)
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