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极客学院团队出品 · 更新于 2018-11-28 11:00:43

MNIST Data Download

Code: tensorflow/g3doc/tutorials/mnist/

The goal of this tutorial is to show how to download the dataset files required for handwritten digit classification using the (classic) MNIST data set.

Tutorial Files

This tutorial references the following files:

File Purpose
input_data.py The code to download the MNIST dataset for training and evaluation.

Prepare the Data

MNIST is a classic problem in machine learning. The problem is to look at greyscale 28x28 pixel images of handwritten digits and determine which digit the image represents, for all the digits from zero to nine.

MNIST Digits

For more information, refer to Yann LeCun's MNIST page or Chris Olah's visualizations of MNIST.

Download

Yann LeCun's MNIST page also hosts the training and test data for download.

File Purpose
train-images-idx3-ubyte.gz training set images - 55000 training images, 5000 validation images
train-labels-idx1-ubyte.gz training set labels matching the images
t10k-images-idx3-ubyte.gz test set images - 10000 images
t10k-labels-idx1-ubyte.gz test set labels matching the images

In the input_data.py file, the maybe_download() function will ensure these files are downloaded into a local data folder for training.

The folder name is specified in a flag variable at the top of the fully_connected_feed.py file and may be changed to fit your needs.

Unpack and Reshape

The files themselves are not in any standard image format and are manually unpacked (following the instructions available at the website) by the extract_images() and extract_labels() functions in input_data.py.

The image data is extracted into a 2d tensor of: [image index, pixel index] where each entry is the intensity value of a specific pixel in a specific image, rescaled from [0, 255] to [-0.5, 0.5]. The "image index" corresponds to an image in the dataset, counting up from zero to the size of the dataset. And the "pixel index" corresponds to a specific pixel in that image, ranging from zero to the number of pixels in the image.

The 60000 examples in the train-* files are then split into 55000 examples for training and 5000 examples for validation. For all of the 28x28 pixel greyscale images in the datasets the image size is 784 and so the output tensor for the training set images is of shape [55000, 784].

The label data is extracted into a 1d tensor of: [image index] with the class identifier for each example as the value. For the training set labels, this would then be of shape [55000].

DataSet Object

The underlying code will download, unpack, and reshape images and labels for the following datasets:

Dataset Purpose
data_sets.train 55000 images and labels, for primary training.
data_sets.validation 5000 images and labels, for iterative validation of training accuracy.
data_sets.test 10000 images and labels, for final testing of trained accuracy.

The read_data_sets() function will return a dictionary with a DataSet instance for each of these three sets of data. The DataSet.next_batch() method can be used to fetch a tuple consisting of batch_size lists of images and labels to be fed into the running TensorFlow session.

images_feed, labels_feed = data_set.next_batch(FLAGS.batch_size)